Introduction

Within the context of Wiradjuri language words are not simply a set of letters that represent a single meaning. They are made up of a complex set of affixes that have set rules for word construction. 

  • Prefixes: written with a hyphen after the letters, yama-  
  • Suffixes: written with a hyphen beginning, -dha 
  • Infixes – written with a hyphen at the start and at the end, -gir- 
  • Circumfixes – comes after the first letter and before the last letter.

Using suffixes

In Wiradjuri the actor is shown by an ergative suffix attached to the noun.

When the noun has any of the following suffixes and is used with an adjective the adjective will have the same relative suffix.

  • locative suffix (-dha, -dya, -la, -ra, -ga), 
  • actor suffix (-dhu, -dyu, -lu and –ru), 
  • purpose suffix, (-dhi, -dyi, -li and –ri) or 
  • instrument suffix ( -dhuradhu).

Examples sentences

Sentence where the noun has an “actor” suffix: Grant and Rudder (2014) p26.

Gibir-u

buma-l-gunha-nhi  

buraay 

bubay.

Man- ERG

beat- cm-ing-PAST 

child  

little

 

Sentence where the noun has an “actor” suffix with an adjective: Grant and Rudder (2014) p26.

Gibir-u

bidhi-dyu

buma-l-gunha-nhi  

buraay 

bubay.

Man- ERG

big- ERG

beat- cm-ing-PAST 

child  

little

The big man was beating the little child